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- Prevention of hair loss
Prevention of hair loss
A person loses an average of 50-100 hairs every day. This is not much compared to 100-150 thousand hairs we have on our head. However, if the number of hair falling out increases, we are dealing with excessive hair loss and baldness.
Hair loss can be genetic, but baldness is also caused by many external factors. Appropriate prevention means that we can improve the condition of the scalp, hair follicles and the hair itself, thus preventing hair loss. However, if the prophylaxis turns out to be ineffective, the treatment of baldness remains with the treatments offered in aesthetic medicine.
Causes and prevention
At the root of hair loss lie a variety of causes, from genetic factors to poor diet. Finding the reasons that are responsible for baldness in a particular case will not only allow for the determination of effective treatment, but also the use of prevention that will reduce hair loss in the future. The most common causes of hair loss include:
One of the causes of hair loss is stress. In extreme cases, extreme stress can lead to complete hair loss. However, even less stress, which is chronic, can adversely affect the overall condition of the hair, weakening it and leading to thinning. How to prevent it? Sometimes the simplest solution is also the most difficult. To reduce the impact of stress on hair loss, it is best to hit the heart of the problem, i.e. eliminate stress or reduce it. For this purpose, it is worth using relaxation, gymnastics or outdoor activities. You can also help yourself with herbal preparations for calming down: lemon balm, valerian or chamomile. In some cases, meeting with a therapist will help to reduce stress levels.
Hair loss can be caused by poor nutrition. This is especially true for people who decide to follow an elimination diet, excluding one ingredient or a whole group of food products from their meals. These types of diets lead to nutrient deficiencies, which in turn leads to hair weakness and excessive hair loss. The key role in this case is played by deficiencies of: omega-3 acids, iron, B vitamins, vitamin D3 and protein. Thinning hair can also be the result of a very restrictive diet that causes significant weight loss. This can be prevented by focusing on proper nutrition and providing the body with all the substances it needs. In the case of a diet, it is worth taking care of proper supplementation, which will prevent deficiencies of nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the hair follicles. Absorption from the gastrointestinal tract may be responsible for hair loss. In this case, even the best balanced diet will not be able to provide the body with the nutrients that make hair strong and healthy. Absorption of nutrients and the production of some vitamins takes place in the intestines. If the intestinal microbiota is disturbed (dysbiosis), the patient will experience problems in the functioning of the digestive system, which may lead to a deficiency of vitamin B12, folic acid, iron, zinc, magnesium, resulting in excessive hair loss. In addition, intestinal dysbiosis can lead to dermatoses of the scalp and inflammation. In this case, you should use the help of a specialist doctor who will suggest appropriate treatment.
Excessive hair loss often accompanies menopause. This is due to hormonal changes in the female body. To counteract this, you should strive to balance the hormonal balance of the body. In addition, during menopause, it is worth taking care of a proper diet, rich in, among others, protein, vitamins B and E, and omega-3 fatty acids.
Taking testosterone accelerates and supports the muscle building process, but it causes various side effects. One of them is increased androgenetic alopecia in people who have a genetic predisposition to it. How does it happen? First of all, taking testosterone disrupts the body’s hormonal balance. In addition, in the case of androgenetic alopecia, excessive hair loss is caused by hypersensitivity to DHT, a derivative of testosterone. On the other hand, the effect of hypersensitivity to DHT is the miniaturization of the hair follicles, which leads to baldness.
Genetic predisposition to baldness
Genetic predisposition to baldness corresponds, among others, for: – androgenetic alopecia, – alopecia areata. Androgenetic alopecia is caused by hypersensitivity of the hair follicles to DHT, the active form of testosterone. As a result, the hair follicles shrink, which leads to hair loss even at a very young age. Alopecia areata, on the other hand, can occur in people who suffer from autoimmune diseases, such as Hashimoto’s disease or vitiligo.
Dry scalp is more prone to hair loss. The condition known as dry skin can be caused by the use of inappropriate hair cosmetics and too frequent use of a dryer, curling iron or straightener. To prevent dry scalp, it is worth taking care of proper hydration. To do this, you need to properly hydrate the whole body, i.e. drink at least 2 liters of water every day. For this, you should follow a diet rich in nutrients such as zinc, magnesium, selenium and vitamins A and E. In addition, you should avoid cosmetics and hair styling devices that excessively dry the scalp. In addition, you can moisturize the scalp with home remedies, e.g. using linseed oil.
Significant oily scalp
An oily scalp can also be responsible for hair loss. To counteract this, proper hair and scalp care should be used, including: – washing hair as often as needed – the layer of sebum left on the head prevents oxygen from reaching the hair bulbs, which can lead to dandruff and hair loss, – use shampoos and hair conditioners that regulate the work of the sebaceous glands and contain moisturizing substances, – regularly exfoliate the epidermis with appropriate cosmetics for the scalp, – rinse the hair with lukewarm water, which narrows the sebaceous glands, thanks to which they will secrete less sebum. For this, you need to follow a proper diet. In addition, it is worth making sure that oily scalp is not the result of hormonal disorders that need to be compensated.
If the prevention of hair loss turns out to be ineffective, the patient can use the available forms of treatment, such as:
Pharmacological treatment is most effective in the initial phase of baldness. Properly selected treatment helps to stop hair loss and increases their density. Pharmacological treatment allows you to achieve the desired effects on the entire head, which is why it is recommended to people who struggle with bends, the so-called high forehead and baldness on the top of the head. Pharmacological treatment is also worth using before hair transplantation.
Needle mesotherapy is a non-invasive treatment involving the delivery of healing, nourishing or regenerating substances to the area of the hair follicles. The treatment is recommended for women and men who suffer from excessive hair loss due to: – chronic stress, – hormonal disorders (including after pregnancy or during menopause), – changes of seasons. In addition, it is worth using needle mesotherapy before hair transplantation, thanks to which the treatment will cover a smaller area of the scalp.
Microneedling is designed to stimulate the production of growth factors on the scalp. The treatment is performed with a special roller with microneedles, which causes minor damage to the epidermis. Thanks to this, in the area of the treatment there is an influx of platelets and growth factors necessary for skin regeneration. Microneedling is recommended for people who complain of excessive hair loss due to a poor diet or poor circulation. In addition, this treatment supports other methods of treating alopecia areata and androgenic alopecia. For this treatment, people who have weak hair that needs strong nutrition can benefit from it. Pregnant and menopausal women can also use this method.
Scalp micropigmentationScalp micropigmentation (SMP) is a procedure that improves the appearance of the scalp using skin pigments. In other words, it is a type of tattoo that imitates real hair. The treatment is recommended for: – people after hair transplantation, who still have a visible part of the skin due to sparse hair, – women with typically female pattern baldness, – men with typically male pattern baldness who want to avoid the horseshoe effect after shaving their heads, – people who plan to shave their hair to remove visible scars, – people who suffer from complete alopecia, alopecia areata, scarring alopecia or have lost their hair as a result of radiation therapy.
Laser Hair Restoration Therapy (LLLT)
Laser hair restoration therapy involves stimulating hair growth by exposing the hair follicles to red light. It is recommended as an additional treatment in androgenetic alopecia, female pattern baldness and other conditions caused by inflammation of the scalp.
PDO threads stimulate blood circulation around the hair follicles, which promotes hair growth and prevents hair loss. Threads are inserted into selected areas with a thin needle. The substance from which the threads are made completely penetrates the skin after about 8 months and is completely dissolved.
Regenera Activa is a procedure involving autologous cell transplantation, including stem cells and growth factors. As a result, hair follicles damaged by androgens are regenerated, hair loss is inhibited and their growth is stimulated. The treatment is recommended in the case of androgenetic alopecia, as well as before and after hair transplantation.
FUE hair transplant
FUE hair transplant involves taking individual hair follicles and implanting them in selected places, thanks to which the hair grows at the desired angle and in the right direction. Hair transplantation with this method is recommended in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia in men and women.